X + Y → XY
In a chemical reaction, the reactants are the starting substances that undergo chemical changes or participate in the reaction to form new products. These reactants are consumed during the reaction, and their chemical properties are altered to form the new products.
In the example given, X and Y are the reactants that combine to form the product XY. During the reaction, the chemical bonds between the atoms in X and Y are broken, and new bonds are formed between X and Y to create the XY product.
Reactants are an essential part of any chemical reaction, as they determine the nature and outcome of the reaction. The identity and properties of the reactants play a significant role in determining the characteristics of the final product.
Understanding the reactants involved in a chemical reaction is important for a variety of applications, including industrial manufacturing, environmental science, and medicine. By understanding the role of reactants in a reaction, scientists and engineers can optimize reaction conditions to improve yields, minimize waste, and develop new products with desired properties.
In the reaction between hydrogen and oxygen to form ammonia, hydrogen and oxygen are the reactants and ammonia is the product